Why do balls bounce?

Why do balls bounce?

Use different shaped balls to investigate how and why balls bounce differently

Balls to use:

  • Rugby ball
  • Football
  • Tennis Ball
  • Ping pong Ball
  • Basketball
  • Squash ball

Look at the different shaped balls and try bouncing them on the floor. What do you notice?

Which ball do you think will be the hardest to bounce in the direction you want it to bounce?

Are there any similarities between the balls that bounce the highest?

Can you bounce each ball into a container? Are some harder than others? Is this related to the type of game they are usually used for?

bouncing balls

More investigation ideas

Try dropping the ball with no extra force and then applying force, which bounces higher?

Which balls do you think will bounce straight upwards?

When comparing how different balls bounce, think about the conditions you should keep the same, for example, the height the ball is dropped from and force used to drop the ball.

Which balls float?

Balls to use:

  • Golf ball
  • Ping pong ball
  • Tennis Ball
  • Hockey Ball

Sort the balls into balls you think will float on water and balls you think will sink.

Do the balls which float all have something in common? Are they hollow?

Test each ball to see if your predictions were correct.

Challenge

Can you make a ball that sinks float?

Hint – try wrapping in bubble wrap

 

sink and float

Why do balls bounce?

When a ball is dropped gravity pulls the ball toward the ground, slowing the ball down so that each bounce is shorter and shorter, until eventually the ball stops bouncing.

The force of the ball hitting the hard ground puts an equal force back onto the ball, meaning it bounces back up. This happens because balls are made out of an elastic material which allows them to be squashed or stretched and then return to their original shape. If the ball was made of a softer material, like plasticine it would be squashed on the ground and wouldn’t bounce back up, or if it was made of a hard material, such as glass it would break when dropped.

Extension ideas

Try bouncing the balls on different surfaces, why do you think this will make a difference?

Suitable for Key stage 1 Science

Properties of Materials 

Why do balls bounce?

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