This multicoloured volcano is slightly different to the usual single coloured versions and allows the addition of a mini design and engineering aspect for older children.
The volcano used in the photo above is a model available from Learning Resources. I just split the eruption container in half to make the lava multicoloured.
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How to make a multicoloured volcano
What you’ll need
Sand, play dough, snow
Empty effervescent vitamin tablet canister or other tube/container
Washing up liquid
Red and yellow liquid food colouring
2 Squeezy bottles
Small stick to mix
Construct a volcano shape around your tube or container. You could use sand, papier mache, snow, mud or anything at all.
Cut out a piece of thick cardboard so it fits tightly inside the canister and place inside so the canister is split in half.
Add a tablespoon of bicarbonate of soda to each side of the cardboard inside the canister.
Add half a tablespoon of washing up liquid, a teaspoon of red food colouring and about 30 ml vinegar to one squeezy bottle.
Repeat using yellow food colouring for the other bottle. If the colours don’t look vibrant add a little more food colouring.
Squeeze a very small squirt of each coloured vinegar mixture into different sides of the canister and mix both with your stick.
Watch the eruption!
Things to think about
How could you make the eruption more explosive?
Could you add a third colour?
Links with maths
Can you time how long the reaction takes from start to finish?
Try adding twice as much vinegar, is the reaction twice as fast?
Links with English
Research a real volcanic eruption and write about the long term effects on the environment.
See this post for more easy volcano ideas.
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