Last year we made an icy snowman using ice, salt and water, this year it’s Santa’s turn. Draw a Santa face on the outside of a tin can, add ice, salt and water and watch as a frosty beard appears.
A clean, empty tin can
Coloured pens to decorate
How to make a frosty santa
Decorate the can to look like Santa. We used a mixture of sharpies and chalk pens.
Fill the can with small pieces of ice.
Add a little water
Pour in about 3 tablespoons of salt
Watch as the frost forms
If it doesn’t work, keep adding ice and salt. The frost should form within 10 minutes and be solid to touch on the outside of the can.
Why does frost form on the outside of the can?
The temperature of the icy water is about 0°C, but for frost to form the icy mixture needs to be much colder which is why we add salt.
Salt lowers the freezing point of ice, which means at 0°C it starts to melt as its freezing point is lower than zero. To do this it draws heat from the surroundings ( the surface of the tin can ) causing water vapour in the air to condense and freeze on the outside of the can.
Last Updated on November 17, 2021 by Emma Vanstone