I wanted to get my children thinking about the process of investigation today, so we talked about how we could test whether some structures were stronger than others using DUPLO. They decided to build three different shaped towers and test them by rolling a ball at them.
The first is a simple tower, the second has 4 legs and the third is a solid structure. You can see that each tower is the same height. Z rolled the ball at each quite forcefully, the first two toppled immediately while the solid one stayed standing.
We decided that there were some faults with our investigation. Z had basically kicked the ball each time, but we didn’t know if some of the kicks were harder than others. I helped them out a bit and we decided we needed as much as possible to stay the same. We talked about how the speed at which the ball hit the towers and the direction at which it hit them might be important so we decided to try and control these.
To really try and keep our variables constant I used a dolls highchair to string up a weight like a pendulum. To make sure the same hit happened each time we held up the lemon ( our weight ) to 90 degrees and dropped towards the towers from there.
We built the following towers and tested them one at a time, counting the number of pendulum swings it took to make the towers collapse.
1 column of bricks
2 columns of bricks joined only at the top
2 columns of bricks joined throughout the structure
2 columns end on
Super special tower
It was very evident that the less structure there was there the more unstable the tower. A single tower collapsed within a single swing of the lemon. The double sized tower took two swings, in either orientation. When reinforced all the way through it still only lasted 2 swings. The Quadruple tower lasted 6 swings.
We also then started talking about making things stronger without using as many bricks, perhaps even leaving gaps like a building has for floors. However the smashing fever had set in and we think we may leave this subject for later exploration
Our special tower was within the limits of our investigation, indestructible.
The Science bit
When carrying out a scientific investigation you should reduce the number of variables to as few as possible. Ideally the factor you are investigating should be the only variable, everything else should be constant.