This germination investigation is very simple but fascinating. Did you know you can grow a bean in a jar with just a little water? Germination is the sprouting of a seedling from a seed.
What is germination?
Three factors are important for germination.
Water – seeds need water for germination to occur. When a seed absorbs water it starts to swell up, the outer coat of the seed cracks and roots start to grow through.
Oxygen – oxygen is needed for a plant to grow ( it is needed for respiration to occur ). Seeds buried too deeply in the soil won’t grow.
Temperature – temperature can be important ( warm or cold ) depending on the type of seed.
Once a seedling has used all the nutrients from the seed it then needs to take nutrients from the soil. Once your seed has germinated and grown a little bit, you’ll need to transfer it into a pot of soil.
Light is not needed for germination, but is needed for a plant to grow.
Roots grow downwards to anchor the plant in the ground and find nutrients and shoots grow upwards to find light.
How to grow a bean in a jar
What you need
- A broad bean seed
- Kitchen roll or a napkin
- Swirl a small amount of water around the jar.
- Fold your napkin or kitchen roll and place in the jar. ( we made the kitchen roll very slightly damp also )
- Place the bean seed in the jar resting on the napkin.
- Spray some water on the bean every few days.
The bean should start to grow roots after a few days, this is called germination.
We kept one bean in the dark and one in the light, both germinated and grew into small bean plants. This shows that light is not necessary for germination.
You can see here that the plant grown in the dark is a slightly less green than the one grown in the light. We have seen this before with the cress.
What amazes me the most is that all this can grow from one tiny seed with no additional nutrients other than those contained in the bean itself.
After a few days in the light the bean plant kept in the dark was as luscious a green colour as its counterpart.
Bean in a jar instructions
Download the instructions completely free!
More plant science
Little ones will enjoy growing a bean for Jack and the Beanstalk.
Another idea is to dissect a plant or try one of our other fun plant science experiments for kids.
Key Stage 1 Science – Plants
Identify and describe the basic structure of a variety of common flowering plants, including trees.