Which solids dissolve in water?

Todays experiment is very simple, but hopefully fascinating for even very young children.

What you need

  • Transparent containers
  • Water ( hot and cold )
  • Substances to try and dissolve eg. sugar, coffee, pepper, sand.



Add a teaspoon of whichever solid you are testing to a glass of cold water and a glass of hot water, stir and observe the difference.

Look to see if the solid dissolves in the hot water and cold water and if one is better than the other.

Can you design a chart to record your observations?

flour and water

The Science bit

Things like salt, sugar and coffee dissolve in water. They are soluble. They usually dissolve faster and better in hot water.

Pepper and sand are insoluble, they will not dissolve even in hot water.

For older children

Everything is made of particles which are always moving. When a soluble solid ( solute ) is mixed with the right liquid (solvent), it forms a solution. This process is called dissolving.

Two things that affect the speed at which the solid dissolves are temperature and the size of the grains of the solid. Caster sugar which is made of fine particles will dissolve quickly, but bigger sugar particles will take longer.

Solids dissolve faster in hot water as in hot water the water molecules are moving faster, so bump into the solid more often which increases the rate of reaction.


Which solids dissolve in water?

Author: Emma Vanstone

Science Sparks, is a site dedicated to making Science fun for kids. I’d love you to follow me on my Google Profile+.

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  1. For some reason, I struggled to understand solids dissolving in liquids. It was probably until I was in high school and taking Chemistry before I really got it. ;) I like the little experiment.

    Post a Reply
    • Glad you like it, we aim to please. xx

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  2. what simple experiments, my little one will be fascinated by this.

    Post a Reply
    • Thanks, My 4 year old loved trying all the different things! x

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  3. Very fun & simple enough for my little ones! Welcome to TGIF LInky Party. Thanks for linking up. Don’t forget to grab the TGIF button for your post or sidebar so others can find the party & link up too. Thanks & see you next week,
    Beth =-)

    Post a Reply
    • Thanks Beth. x

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  4. You do really come up with fabulous experiments to do at home :-)

    Thank you for joining Kids Get Crafty!


    Post a Reply
    • Thanks Maggy, glad you liked it. x

      Post a Reply
    • Yay, so glad you like it, let us know how you get on. x

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  5. Had so much fun doing this for homework, you basically saved me in a desperate situation, simple but very effective ;0)

    Post a Reply


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