I’ve lost count of the number of water science experiments we’ve done over the years. Water is pretty amazing. Did you know it is the only natural substance to exist in three physical states at temperatures naturally occurring on Earth?
Facts about Water
- Water covers about 70% of the surface of the Earth.
- Water expands when it freezes.
- We need water to survive.
- Water expands when it freezes.
- Water can move upwards!!
Water has lots of properties that make it just brilliant for simple science investigations!
Water Science Experiments and Investigations
Freezing and Melting Investigations
Freezing and melting investigations are always fun. For younger children simply let them play with ice cubes while they melt. To make this a bit more exciting you can freeze small toys inside.
We had great fun with our LEGO ice excavations recently, but you could also freeze superheroes, bugs or anything else that might spark an extra interest.
Just getting the child to recognise that the ice is cold and how that feels on their fingers is a great sensory experience. Remember to let the ice melt a little first as ice can be sticky when first removed from a freezer.
Water Cycle Experiments
Make a mini water cycle or a water cycle in a bag. These are great science activities for older children and really help explain a tricky concept.
Water and Density
Density is a really tough concept to grasp, but hopefully this density science trick is interesting and simple enough to help it all make sense.
Density jars are also great fun, children can try and find different small objects to float on the layers.
Transport of Water in Plants
Learn about transpiration and make some pretty flowers. I LOVE this activity. If it works well, you can see the path the water takes to get to the edge of the petals.
Sinking and Floating Experimemts
How about some simple sinking and floating? This is great for young children, who will just enjoy watching objects sink and float. Older children could make a plasticine boat and discover whether an item that previously sank can float in the boat. Or try and predict which objects will sink a which will float.
Did you know you can use a bit of clever density science to make an egg float?
Children can also make a lemon sink if they understand why it floats in the first place!
Oil and Water Experiments
Learn about osmosis ( water passing through a semi permeable membrane ) using eggs. The term Osmosis might sound complicated, but this egg demonstration makes it more understandable, and don’t worry if your children don’t understand straight away or are too young. It’s still fun to watch the eggs expand and then shrink.
How about exploring absorption using sugar cubes. The fact that you can watch the water rise up the cube is brilliant and appeals to children of all ages.
A walking water investigation is another great way to learn about how water is absorbed by different materials.
Water Powered Rocket
Is it waterproof
Investigate which materials are waterproof by using them as a roof for a LEGO house and investigating whether they keep the floor dry.
Dissolving in Water
Predict and test which materials will dissolve in water?
Do you have any more water science experiment ideas for us?
If you enjoyed these experiments don’t forget to check out the rest of our 100s of science experiments for kids!